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Best Cities for Wellbeing Around the World

It’s no secret that city life can be a bit much sometimes – from overcrowding to high living costs and a lack of wide open spaces. Not only can these factors impact our day-to-day lives, but also our wellbeing and quality of life. Through our research, we created an index that unearthed the best and worst cities for wellbeing around the globe, from employment rates to healthcare systems. So, how does your city stack up?

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The World and its Wellbeing

A selection of 77 major cities across the globe were measured against 15 different metrics to reveal the best-ranked city for wellbeing. The higher the score – 10 being the highest possible score – the better the standard of wellbeing is in that city. This graph will look at the key aspects that play a vital role in people's health and wellbeing.

Living Costs
Childcare Costs
Monthly Salary
Youth Unemployment
City Innovation
Gender Equality
Safety
LGBTQ Acceptance
Healthcare Quality
Happiness
Mental Health
Vegan Friendly
Green Spaces
CO2 Emissions
Traffic
  Day-to-day living It's all business Safety first Going green TOTAL
  City Country
Living Costs
Childcare Costs
Monthly Salary
Youth Unemployment
City Innovation
Gender Equality
Safety
LGBTQ Acceptance
Healthcare Quality
Happiness
Mental Health
Vegan Friendly
Green Spaces
CO2 Emissions
Traffic
 
Buenos Aires Argentina 9.78 9.56 0.26 5.61 7.23 4.57 2.38 6.38 5.97 8.00 3.43 1.17 5.63 6.98 1.46 78.41
Brisbane Australia 5.80 5.70 4.61 8.24 8.18 4.43 7.10 7.98 8.25 2.91 0.38 3.84 9.44 4.94 5.58 87.39
Melbourne Australia 5.70 4.99 4.21 8.24 9.49 4.43 5.42 7.98 8.25 2.91 0.38 3.96 9.41 5.68 3.64 84.68
Perth Australia 5.59 5.21 3.93 8.24 6.44 4.43 5.56 7.98 8.25 2.91 0.38 3.66 9.36 5.33 8.83 86.11
Sydney Australia 5.07 4.05 4.74 8.24 9.69 4.43 6.55 7.98 8.25 2.91 0.38 4.09 8.70 5.64 1.88 82.60
Vienna Austria 6.07 9.37 2.72 8.85 9.38 3.91 8.88 6.95 9.48 6.29 5.01 4.40 9.62 9.59 4.68 105.21
Brussels Belgium 5.47 7.31 3.29 7.15 7.43 4.78 4.59 9.00 8.83 3.82 4.26 2.64 7.29 7.02 1.23 84.12
Gent Belgium 5.39 7.96 2.53 7.15 0.82 4.78 8.64 9.00 8.83 3.82 4.26 4.08 5.06 6.67 8.41 87.40
Rio de Janeiro Brazil 8.37 8.21 0.37 4.92 5.99 2.30 0.00 6.75 3.76 7.67 4.84 0.36 4.05 5.65 0.68 63.93
São Paulo Brazil 8.33 8.75 0.37 4.92 7.33 2.30 1.07 6.75 3.76 7.67 4.84 0.16 1.89 4.61 0.65 63.39
Montréal Canada 6.26 8.32 3.24 8.36 9.28 6.22 7.74 9.66 8.33 3.89 3.69 1.94 9.16 6.45 4.45 96.99
Toronto Canada 4.59 5.38 3.52 8.36 9.76 6.22 6.70 9.66 8.33 3.89 3.69 2.43 7.55 5.10 2.44 87.62
Vancouver Canada 5.55 6.23 3.63 8.36 9.18 6.22 6.88 9.66 8.33 3.89 3.69 3.36 9.74 6.02 1.14 91.87
Santiago Chile 7.84 8.47 0.74 7.04 4.93 3.87 4.40 6.09 8.16 6.73 3.04 1.03 3.77 7.79 0.88 74.78
Beijing China 8.36 7.48 1.33 8.56 8.77 1.96 5.81 1.15 2.46 4.55 8.43 0.31 2.72 6.05 0.94 68.87
Hong Kong China 4.96 7.23 3.34 9.09 9.11 1.96 9.73 1.15 2.46 1.31 8.43 1.05 4.34 9.51 2.53 76.19
Shanghai China 7.86 7.57 1.37 8.56 8.84 1.96 5.99 1.15 2.46 4.55 8.43 0.27 3.51 7.92 2.11 72.53
Bogotá Colombia 9.80 9.45 0.00 6.86 3.94 4.39 2.74 4.96 8.76 10.00 10.00 1.91 4.75 7.33 0.03 84.92
Prague Czech Republic 8.02 8.35 1.50 9.09 7.88 2.83 8.61 4.98 7.20 5.13 8.48 2.74 8.27 9.21 4.81 97.09
Copenhagen Denmark 4.24 8.30 4.32 8.85 8.70 6.52 8.93 8.64 8.04 7.09 5.12 3.77 9.37 9.71 7.79 109.39
Helsinki Finland 5.54 8.82 3.53 7.21 8.46 8.39 9.05 8.64 8.33 6.58 4.40 3.86 9.29 9.28 8.99 110.39
Lyon France 5.36 7.74 2.74 6.48 7.77 6.57 5.46 7.56 10.00 6.25 2.71 1.30 7.85 7.66 3.83 89.30
Paris France 4.37 6.27 3.26 6.48 9.73 6.57 4.29 7.56 10.00 6.25 2.71 2.60 4.90 8.34 1.30 84.61
Berlin Germany 6.26 9.39 3.18 9.41 9.55 6.43 6.13 7.64 8.64 6.04 4.07 4.76 9.22 9.67 2.92 103.32
Frankfurt Germany 5.85 8.65 3.84 9.41 8.12 6.43 6.04 7.64 8.64 6.04 4.07 4.06 8.22 9.08 5.13 101.21
Hamburg Germany 5.71 9.11 3.83 9.41 8.60 6.43 4.92 7.64 8.64 6.04 4.07 2.98 10.00 8.89 2.14 98.42
Munich Germany 5.67 7.48 4.11 9.41 9.32 6.43 10.00 7.64 8.64 6.04 4.07 4.37 9.57 9.06 3.54 105.34
Athens Greece 7.02 8.60 0.85 2.71 7.91 2.96 4.82 2.50 9.10 3.78 3.68 5.47 0.00 6.55 0.91 66.86
Budapest Hungary 8.44 9.02 0.84 8.62 7.50 2.00 6.70 2.30 6.28 4.80 8.41 4.87 4.35 8.46 1.72 84.33
Reykjavik Iceland 3.02 9.14 4.60 9.23 1.99 10.00 9.23 10.00 9.08 6.51 5.19 9.14 7.38 7.81 10.00 112.32
New Delhi India 10.00 10.00 0.32 8.60 3.22 1.61 3.14 2.42 4.41 5.82 4.82 1.46 3.52 2.68 0.00 62.02
Jakarta Indonesia 8.64 9.74 0.14 7.51 3.97 2.74 3.96 0.00 5.05 8.18 9.31 0.60 0.82 3.03 0.19 63.89
Dublin Ireland 5.10 5.77 3.88 7.98 8.36 7.30 4.53 9.10 8.96 6.11 3.58 6.71 7.96 7.38 0.42 93.13
Tel Aviv Israel 4.44 6.57 3.41 9.31 8.53 4.09 8.07 2.89 8.37 6.51 6.91 7.82 6.99 5.89 0.58 90.37
Bologna Italy 5.89 7.99 1.88 4.33 2.12 3.39 5.54 6.60 9.96 5.42 4.41 5.27 5.44 7.47 5.71 81.43
Florence Italy 5.42 8.33 1.89 4.33 2.81 3.39 6.24 6.60 9.96 5.42 4.41 6.99 6.13 8.24 5.91 86.07
Milan Italy 5.36 7.34 2.16 4.33 8.66 3.39 5.53 6.60 9.96 5.42 4.41 4.43 3.46 8.17 3.31 82.54
Rome Italy 5.78 7.80 1.94 4.33 8.42 3.39 4.18 6.60 9.96 5.42 4.41 5.55 5.22 5.54 0.97 79.51
Tokyo Japan 3.79 7.93 4.31 9.96 10.00 1.48 9.52 2.68 9.45 5.49 7.32 0.00 5.44 10.00 0.78 88.16
Luxembourg Luxembourg 4.19 4.38 5.27 7.73 2.43 3.65 8.40 8.33 9.02 0.00 4.70 4.04 9.34 7.25 2.05 80.79
Kuala Lumpur Malaysia 8.63 9.68 0.94 8.44 6.64 2.09 1.75 1.76 7.16 6.22 7.56 1.79 4.39 3.18 1.40 71.63
Mexico City Mexico 9.22 9.37 0.49 9.33 7.53 4.04 1.64 5.58 6.46 10.00 9.04 1.49 3.87 2.60 0.26 80.94
Amsterdam Netherlands 4.97 2.89 3.71 9.29 9.42 5.17 7.26 9.80 9.02 8.04 3.07 6.33 8.18 8.88 6.43 102.47
Rotterdam Netherlands 5.89 5.14 3.41 9.29 6.23 5.17 6.81 9.80 9.02 8.04 3.07 3.58 6.90 7.76 6.75 96.87
Auckland New Zealand 5.38 7.15 3.33 8.26 6.75 7.52 5.18 8.16 7.53 6.58 0.00 4.67 9.07 4.91 3.60 88.09
Wellington New Zealand 5.89 7.51 3.85 8.26 6.61 7.52 7.81 8.16 7.53 6.58 0.00 7.74 9.68 8.66 4.58 100.37
Oslo Norway 2.78 8.84 4.45 8.74 8.80 9.00 6.47 9.63 9.42 8.58 2.99 4.69 9.43 8.05 7.76 109.63
Lima Peru 8.70 9.35 0.26 9.57 0.00 4.00 1.72 3.13 3.38 7.78 7.62 1.56 3.84 5.37 0.06 66.35
Warsaw Poland 8.64 8.85 1.12 8.40 6.54 4.35 8.39 1.73 7.02 5.20 8.91 2.76 7.03 8.14 1.07 88.15
Lisbon Portugal 7.60 8.32 1.07 6.66 6.95 4.52 8.02 5.61 9.27 4.22 3.92 3.24 6.30 6.96 2.47 85.13
Porto Portugal 7.77 8.86 0.86 6.66 6.47 4.52 6.22 5.61 9.27 4.22 3.92 3.41 7.40 7.10 3.90 86.19
Bucharest Romania 8.91 8.78 0.61 7.61 4.66 3.61 8.17 1.41 4.83 5.67 9.09 3.29 3.84 6.57 0.32 77.38
Moscow Russia 8.50 8.30 1.08 7.61 8.39 3.17 6.05 0.24 3.33 2.00 8.04 1.64 6.88 6.83 0.13 72.22
Cape Town South Africa 8.74 9.46 1.31 0.00 0.96 5.52 1.14 5.92 0.00 0.98 6.84 4.52 7.49 1.36 2.89 57.13
Barcelona Spain 6.88 8.30 1.98 3.77 9.01 5.13 5.95 8.81 9.67 8.29 2.92 5.12 3.65 8.74 3.80 92.02
Madrid Spain 7.05 8.15 2.30 3.77 8.73 5.13 7.75 8.81 9.67 8.29 2.92 3.55 7.09 6.86 7.37 97.44
Seville Spain 7.56 8.97 1.67 3.77 0.45 5.13 7.76 8.81 9.67 8.29 2.92 4.13 6.10 6.19 8.51 89.92
Valencia Spain 7.40 8.54 1.78 3.77 3.36 5.13 8.43 8.81 9.67 8.29 2.92 4.70 8.25 7.94 9.45 98.45
Stockholm Sweden 5.35 9.77 3.54 7.29 9.08 8.43 5.46 8.46 8.73 5.38 3.63 3.87 9.88 8.92 5.42 103.21
Geneva Switzerland 0.00 1.98 7.56 9.11 6.03 5.52 8.13 7.82 8.84 7.67 4.44 2.88 9.46 7.40 2.08 88.94
Zurich Switzerland 0.48 0.00 9.14 9.11 7.12 5.52 9.94 7.82 8.84 7.67 4.44 5.28 8.08 9.58 2.86 95.89
Bangkok Thailand 7.24 9.12 0.71 10.00 6.40 3.22 5.89 3.12 7.23 8.76 7.99 2.13 2.74 3.56 0.23 78.33
Istanbul Turkey 8.95 9.03 0.27 6.66 8.22 0.00 4.85 2.00 6.15 4.80 5.08 0.84 0.21 3.94 0.16 61.15
Belfast UK 7.09 6.36 2.48 8.44 4.32 6.35 5.70 8.01 8.98 6.80 4.68 7.51 7.39 4.93 1.95 90.98
Birmingham UK 6.65 6.00 2.85 8.44 5.03 6.35 3.22 8.01 8.98 6.80 4.68 6.01 5.47 7.40 4.35 90.25
Cardiff UK 6.70 6.80 2.87 8.44 3.05 6.35 6.89 8.01 8.98 6.80 4.68 7.64 8.33 8.55 4.12 98.21
Edinburgh UK 6.27 5.36 3.12 8.44 6.99 6.35 7.77 8.01 8.98 6.80 4.68 10.00 9.25 8.36 0.84 101.22
Glasgow UK 6.65 6.64 2.78 8.44 6.78 6.35 5.30 8.01 8.98 6.80 4.68 7.70 8.88 6.36 5.94 100.30
London UK 5.03 3.60 3.86 8.44 9.97 6.35 4.18 8.01 8.98 6.80 4.68 5.90 8.62 9.02 1.27 94.71
Manchester UK 6.40 6.34 2.78 8.44 8.87 6.35 3.75 8.01 8.98 6.80 4.68 4.25 3.73 6.52 2.69 88.60
Boston United States 4.24 3.21 6.49 9.05 9.79 4.00 7.18 8.21 7.69 2.73 1.58 3.20 8.37 3.93 5.62 85.27
Chicago United States 4.95 5.51 5.78 9.05 9.66 4.00 2.19 8.21 7.69 2.73 1.58 1.70 8.35 4.36 3.93 79.68
Los Angeles United States 4.98 5.59 6.09 9.05 9.86 4.00 5.76 8.21 7.69 2.73 1.58 1.61 4.40 0.00 0.75 72.30
New York United States 2.84 0.46 7.07 9.05 9.90 4.00 5.55 8.21 7.69 2.73 1.58 4.96 6.70 8.43 1.33 80.49
San Francisco United States 3.80 1.19 10.00 9.05 9.93 4.00 4.55 8.21 7.69 2.73 1.58 2.84 7.80 4.13 1.75 79.24
Seattle United States 4.26 3.73 7.52 9.05 9.52 4.00 5.17 8.21 7.69 2.73 1.58 2.42 8.79 4.09 3.05 81.80
Washington United States 3.82 3.99 8.18 9.05 9.21 4.00 3.55 8.21 7.69 2.73 1.58 4.24 8.38 3.34 4.22 82.18

Methodology

We researched 15 different factors that can contribute to the overall wellbeing of the inhabitants of 77 major cities. To standardise our results and find the overall score, all 15 factors have been evenly ranked between 0-10. The lowest possible score is 0 and the highest possible score is 10. Here is the formula we used to get our results:

Here is the formula we used to get our results:
Score (i)=10 . ( ( (x(i) – x (min) ) / ( (x(max) – x(min) ) )

Sources

1

Living Costs

This takes into consideration what the total essential living costs are in each city, including: the cost of rent, groceries, local purchasing power, and eating out in restaurants. This was sourced from Numbeo.

2

Childcare Costs

Looking into the monthly price of sending a child for a full day of private education. The higher the cost of childcare, the worse off for the inhabitants. This data was sourced from Numbeo.

3

Monthly Salary

The price of the average monthly salary (after tax) in each city. The higher the employment salary the better. This data was sourced from Numbeo.

4

Youth Unemployment

The youth unemployment percentage of the total labour force for the ages of 15-24 worldwide. The data sourced from Data World Bank.

5

City Innovation

The rank of the cities with prime conditions for innovations within its economy, looking at factors across industry, economic and social functions. This data was sourced from 2thinknow.

6

Gender Equality

Each country was scored across four key areas of gender progression: economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival, and political empowerment. This worldwide data was sourced from The Global Gender Gap Report by the World Economic Forum.

7

Safety

These safety figures consider crime rates in various cities to give an estimation of the overall level of safety. This data was sourced from Numbeo.

8

LGBTQ Acceptance

A worldwide indicator sourced from Social Progress looking at the acceptance of the gay and lesbian community in each country.

9

Healthcare Systems

The overall efficiency of health system performance in different nations. This data was sourced from the WHO.

10

Happiness

The happiness figures were based on a worldwide study on which countries are attaining long and sustainable lives. Information was sourced from Happy Planet Index.

11

Mental Health

The mental health and substance disorder calculation is based on a population share of the percentage of people with mental health disorders in each country. The information was sourced from Our World in Data.

12

Vegan Friendly

This rank was calculated by looking at the number of restaurants offering vegan options out of the total number of restaurants in each city. The data was sourced on TripAdvisor.

13

Green Spaces

This score looks at the quality of green spaces and parks in each city. The data was sourced on Numbeo.

14

CO2 Emissions

An estimation of the CO2 consumption due to traffic time in each city. This data was sourced by Numbeo.

15

Traffic

The city-wide ranking is sourced from a leading GPS navigation company and is calculated from the additional time spent travelling by drivers due to traffic.